THAT’S THE EASY PART.
OVER 104 DAYS OF CYCLING, ROB GREENFEILD MANAGED TO USE JUST 160 GALLONS OF WATER, CREATE A MERE 2 POUNDS OF TRASH, PLUG INTO ONLY 5 OUTLETS, NOT TURN ON A SINGLE LIGHT SWITCH AND CONSUME A REMARKABLE 284 POUNDS OF FOOD FROM DUMPSTERS!
That is 80x less water, 200x less trash, 600x less fossil fuels, and 1,000 times less electricity than the average American!
Off the Grid Rules of the Road:
Rob wanted to cross the country without using fossil fuels. That meant not getting into a car, bus, or any other vehicle that uses fuel even on his rest days in the cities. He managed to do just that. The only time he used fossil fuels was when he had to take a one mile ferry ride into Manhattan. His share of the fuel was about .25 gallons.
Rob aimed to create and use his own electricity generated by solar panels. He equipped his bike trailer with Goal Zero solar panels and used the PowerPot to charge electronics from the heat of his campfires. The electricity he generated was used to power his laptop, cell phone, bike lights, and headlamp. He managed not to turn on a single light switch, turn anything on in a house, take a single hot shower, use a stove, or use any electronic device that was not powered by electricity he created.
Electricity that he used indirectly included walking through automatic doors, accidentally triggering automatic lights, buying food when cash registers were used, and getting money at the bank. Wifi was another small electricity draw but again his laptop was powered by solar. Even automatic doors and light switches were avoided. He did plug into five outlets during the journey when he ran out of solar energy but wanted to continue to spread the message through social media.
3. Near Zero waste
Rob planned to create almost no garbage as he crossed America. Any waste that was created was recycled, up cycled (re-used), or composted. Anything unable to be re-purposed via one of these manners was carried until he reached Vermont. He weighed and kept track of the garbage that he created.
All food waste was composted, as was most human waste. He created just two pounds of trash in 104 days while the average American would have created over 150 pounds, averaging 4.5 pounds each day.
Rob’s plan was to eat only locally sourced, organic, natural, and minimally or unpackaged foods. But when he couldn’t find that, which was often, he ate from a dumpster instead. For this trip local was considered food from within the state he was in or within 250 miles. Food that he purchased mostly came from local farmers markets, farms, and eco-conscious grocery stores but 70% of his diet came from supermarket dumpsters. The idea behind that was to have the smallest environmental impact possible from food consumption. Eating food that would have gone to waste has a positive carbon footprint because it is being diverted from the landfill, and it eliminates the need for virgin resources.
When he needed to cook he made a fire with wood found in the area.
Rob’s obtained water from natural sources like rivers, lakes, and rain in addition to wells. He purified it by using the Katadyn Pocket filter. Rob did not turn on a faucet, buy a bottle of water, use a flush toilet, or washing machine, or take a shower. He unexpectedly remained rather clean, presentable and odorless. When water was not available directly from natural sources he found wasted water in bottles on the side of the road, from leaky fire hydrants and faucets, and from broken sprinklers. He bathed and washed his clothes in lakes and rivers.
Rob’s goal was to shop at businesses committed to creating a healthy planet and that practice corporate social responsibility. To decrease the need to purchase items throughout his trip he stocked up on necessary items before he left. By doing this, food was pretty much his only expense.Sometimes he needed to purchase items and he chose to buy products made in a sustainable way from businesses that practiced sustainable methods. Rather than purchase new items, he also aimed to purchase used items or he re-purposed items he found in the garbage. He did not carry a credit or debit card so he paid for everything with cash.
Additional Personal Challenges:
Rob left each state better then it was when he entered it because he inspired people to live in harmony with the Earth, their community, and themselves. He also planted native wild flowers about every other day as he was riding along and hosted some bike riding and seed planting events.
Rob lived 100% alcohol and drug free for the entire summer. Although he typically enjoys beer and wine in moderation, he did not have a drop for the entire summer to promote healthy and clean living.
He avoided all chemicals as well and did not use any body care products such as shampoo, deodorant, colognes, soaps, and toothpastes that have synthetic chemicals and petroleum based ingredients in them. He used biodegradable organic soap from Dr. Bronner’s to keep himself squeaky clean.
Rob wanted his journey to be swear free. Every time he swore he did 10 push-ups and donated $10 to Below the Surface, a non-profit he works with. He managed to swear just nine times, or about every other state he passed through. He also aimed to have a positive state of mind as much as possible and not complain.
The Off the Grid 1% Initiative:
Funds were raised for 8 environmental non-profits that are making the Earth a better place to live. The non-profits are all 1% for the Planet recipients and focus on different aspects of sustainability including food, water, waste, transportation, and energy. Read More HERE
Some Final Statistics from the Adventure:
4,700 Miles cycled (Naked) (Barefoot)
.35 Gallons of fuel used
1 Fossil fuel powered vehicles ridden in
88 gallons of water from off the grid (58 purified from lakes, rivers, springs, and rain, 6 from wells powered by pump or windmill, 14 from wells powered by electricity
47 gallons diverted from waste (such as leaky faucets, fire hydrants or bottle thrown onto the side of the road)
27 gallons of water from on the grid
161 total gallons of water used
1.55 gallons of water used per day on average
0 Showers taken
0 Washing machines used
2 Pounds of trash created
9 Pounds of recycling created
0 Light switches turned on
5 Outlets plugged into
22 Hours plugged into outlets
<1 kW electricity used from on the grid
95% of electricity used was generated by portable solar panels
284 Pounds of food eaten from dumpsters
38 Packaged food items purchased
19 Non-organic food items purchased
36 Non-local food items purchased
263 ounces of honey drank
0 Drops of alcohol drunken
9 Curses from Rob’s mouth